Organic chemistry 有機化學

carbon

hydrogen

nitrogen

oxygen

phosphorus

sulfur


halogens

fluorine

chlorine

bromine

iodine

Chemistry 化學

Bioinformatics 生物信息學

開始 = ATG 結束 = TAA TGA TAG DNA codon table ADN animation
ADN animation guanine cytosine thymine adenine uracil ATP

nucleic acid

polynucleotides

DNA 脫氧核糖核酸deoxyribonucleic acid

RNA 核糖核酸ribonucleic acid


Organic Chemistry 有機化學

NCBI blast NBK52640

Pyrimidine

Thymine2,4-dioxo-5-methylpyrimidine Cytosine2-oxo-4-aminopyrimidine

Purines

Adenine6-aminopurine Guanine2-amino-6-oxopurine

Nucleotide 核苷酸glycosylamines

uracil

hydrogen nitrogen oxygen phosphorus sulfur | fluorine chlorine bromine iodine

ATP synthase 合酶

Atp synthase

ATPAdenosine triphosphateC10H16N5O13P3

ATP-xtal-3D-balls

ADPAdenosine diphosphateC10H15N5O10P2

Adenosine-diphosphate-3D-balls

Organic chemistry contain the element
有機化學包含元素

Carbon 6C
Carbon Spectra Electron per shell 2,4
Hydrogen, 1H
Hydrogen Spectra Electron per shell 1
Nitrogen, 7N
Nitrogen Spectra Electron per shell 2, 5
Oxygen 8O
Oxygen spectre Electron per shell 2, 6
DNA Structure+Key+Labelled.pn NoBB

hydrogen nitrogen oxygen phosphorus sulfur | fluorine chlorine bromine iodine

1 pm = 0,001 nm
Linear visible spectrum
Sodium Spectra
Magnesium Spectra
Potassium Spectrum
Chlorine spectrum visible

原子結構 Atomic structure

Atomic structure
High School Chemistry Atomic Size

elements proton neutron electron

Carbon 6C
Electron per shell 2,4
Standart atomic weight (Ar) 12.011 (12.0096-12.0116)
Nitrogen, 7N
Electron per shell 2, 5

Isotope

Isotopes

Hydrogen Deuterium Tritium Nuclei Schmatic-en

different number of neutrons are called isotopes

Valence electrons

valence shell outermost shell | valence electrons Covalent

OCTET RULEchemical rule of thumb

Carbon-dioxide-octet-Lewis-2D

Ionic (electrovalent) trasfer one or more electron to create ions
Covalent share electron

eight electron | octet rule

Prokaryotes

Prokaryotesunicellular organizm

Prokaryote cell

prokaryotic species are surrounded by a rigit, 30- to 250Å-thick polysaccharide cell wall

Mesosomefoldet invaginations

Mesosome formation Celltypes cell

Eukaryotes

eukaryotic Cell animal Eukaryotic cells are generally 10 to 100 µm in diameter

Organelle

Ribosome

ribosome

Cytoskeletal

FluorescentCells

Mitosiscell cycle

mitosis Wilson1900Fig2

Meiosiscell division

Meiosis Stages

Mitochondriondouble membrane-bound organelle

Mitochondria, mammalian lung - TEM

Lipid bilayer

Bilayer hydration profile Lipid bilayer

Protein

Amino acid

20 classical amino acids glycine Gly G alanine Ala A AminoAcidball
Amino Acids

Chaperoninfolding of other proteins

4xcg

Hsp90 inhibitorheat shock protein

Geldanamycin

Proteasomedegradation misfolded protein

Proteaosome 1fnt side

Ubiqutinregulatory protein

Ubiquitin cartoon-2-

Chromosome

Measurements

Atomic Number Symbol Number Atomic Weight
1 H Hydrogen 1.00794
2 He Helium 4.002602
3 Li Lithium 6.941
4 Be Beryllium 9.0012182
5 B Boron 10.811
6 C Carbon 12.0107
7 N Nitrogen 14.0067
8 O Oxygen 15.9994
9 F Fluorine 18.9984032
10 Ne Neon 20.1797
11 Na Sodium 22.98976928
12 Mg Magnesium 24.3050
13 Al Aluminum 26.9815386
14 Si Silicon 28.0855
15 P Phosphorus 30.973762
16 S Sulfur 32.065
17 Cl Chlorine 35.453
18 Ar Argon 39.948
19 K Potassium 39.0983
20 Ca Calcium 40.078
21 Sc Scandium 44.955912
22 Ti Titanium 47.867
23 V Vanadium 50.9415
24 Cr Chromium 51.9961
25 Mn Manganese 54.938045
26 Fe Iron 55.845
27 Co Cobalt 59.933195
28 Ni Nickel 58.6934
29 Cu Copper 63.546
30 Zn Zinc 65.38
31 Ga Gallium 69.723
32 Ge Germanium 72.64
33 As Arsenic 74.92160
34 Se Selenium 78.96
35 Br Bromine 79.904
36 Kr Krypton 83.798
37 Rb Rubidium 85.4678
38 Sr Strontium 87.62
39 Y Yttrium 88.90585
40 Zr Zirconium 91.224
41 Nb Niobium 92.90638
42 Mo Molybdenum 95.96
43 Tc Technetium (98)
44 Ru Ruthenium 101.07
45 Rh Rhodium 102.90550
46 Pd Palladium 106.42
47 Ag Silver 107.8682
48 Cd Cadmium 112.411
49 In Indium 114.818
50 Sn Tin 118.710
51 Sb Antimony 121.760
52 Te Tellurium 127.90447
53 I Iodine 126.90447
54 Xe Xenon 131.293
55 Cs Cesium 132.9054519
56 Ba Barium 137.327
57 La Lanthanum 138.90547
58 Ce Cerium 140.116
59 Pr Praseodymium 140.90765
60 Nd Neodymium 144.242
61 Pm Promethium (145)
62 Sm Samarium 150.36
63 Eu Europium 151.964
64 Gd Gadalinium 157.25
65 Tb Terbium 158.92535
66 Dy Dysprosium 162.500
67 Ho Holmium 164.93932
68 Er Erbium 167.259
69 Tm Thulium 168.93421
70 Yb Ytterbium 173.054
71 Lu Lutetium 174.9668
72 Hf Hafnium 178.49
73 Ta Tantalum 180.94788
74 W Tungsten 183.84
75 Re Rhenium 186.207
76 Os Osmium 190.23
77 Ir Iridium 192.217
78 Pt Platinum 195.084
79 Au Gold 196.966569
80 Hg Mercury 200.59
81 Tl Thallium 204.3833
82 Pb Lead 207.2
83 Bi Bismuth 208.98040
84 Po Polonium (209)
85 At Astatine (210)
86 Rn Radon (222)
87 Fr Francium (223)
88 Ra Radium (226)
89 Ac Actinium (227)
90 Th Thorium 232.03806
91 Pa Protactinium 231.03588
92 U Uranium 238.02891
93 Np Neptunium (237)
94 Pu Plutonium (244)
95 Am Americium (243)
96 Cm Curium (247)
97 Bk Berkelium (247)
98 Cf Californium (251)
99 Es Einsteinium (257)
100 Fm Fermium (257)
101 Md Mendelevium (258)
102 No Nobelium (259)
103 Lr Lawrencium (262)
104 Rf Rutherfordium (265)
105 Db Dubnium (268)
106 Sg Seaborgium (271)
107 Bh Bohrium (272)
108 Hs Hassium (277)
109 Mt Meitnerium (276)
110 Ds Darmstadtium (284)
111 Rg Roentgenium (280)
112 Cn Copernicium (285)
113 Uut Ununtrium (284)
114 Uuq Ununquadium (289)
115 Uup Ununpemtium (293)
116 Uuh Ununhexium (293)
117 Uus Ununseptium (294)
118 Uuo Ununoctium (294)
VFI Atomic Radii

Carbohydrate

Lactose

Anti-aging drags

Sirolimus structure Metformin-from-xtal-3D-balls Mitoq structure Resveratrol

ResveratrolC14H12O3

Pterostilbene
Life extentsion
Life extentsion research focuses on nutrition

DNA RNA PROTEIN

Food

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Heney - A Novel Antidiabetic Agent honey Honey wiki Blueberry wiki blueberry RNA-Seq anlysis and annotation of a draft blueberry Controversies about sugars sugar wiki Sugar wiki Red pepper (Capsicum annuum) carotenoids as a source of natural
food colors: analysis and stability--a review
red pepper Red pepper wiki Tomato wiki Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding of Tomato Sequence and Analysis of the Tomato JOINTLESS Locus

Colorie restriction

Colorie restriction

Ethanol

Ethanol wiki ethanol Acute and Chronic Effects of Ethanol on Learning-Related Synaptic
Plasticity
Molecule phylogeny of wild hops, Humulus lupulus L.

Hydrolyzed protein

Hydrolyzed protein

Vitamins

Ascorbic acid

Reactive oxygen species

Reactive oxygen species

antioxidant

Carnosine

Adenosine deaminase

Adenosine deaminase adenisine deaminase

Autocrine signalling

Autocrine signalling Calcium Homeostasis Gastroenterology Human bieng shit spectrometer
app to mobile system Open CV Images analytic. DONT OPEN IT READ ESCRIMENT

Stomach Cancer

Novel and Effective Therapeutic Regiment for Helicobacter pylori in an
Era of Increasing Antibiotic Resistance
Metachronous Primary Adenocarcinoma of Lung During Adjuvant Imatinib Mesylate Therapy for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor of Stomach Randomised phase II trial of docetaxel and sunitinib in patients with metastatic gastric cancer who were previously treated with fluoropyrimidine and platinum

Cancer

Cytokine-induced killer cell Cytokine-induced killed (CIK) cells: from basic research to clinical
translation
Integrated healt systems p53 NCBI

TRF1 TRF2 telomeric repeat-binding factors activation p53 chromosome fusions

Chromosome 12 Chromosome 12 wiki cromosome 12 Chromosome 21 Chromosome 21 human wiki chromosome 21

Reference and Futher Reading

Graham Solomons, Craig Fryhle, Scott Snyder
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 11th EDITION
International Student Version

Chemistry
Principles and Reactions
William L. Masterton
University of Connecticut
Cecile N. Hurley
University of Connecticut
Edward J. Neth
University of Connecticut

Biochemistry

Donald Voet / Judith G. Voet
Fourth Edition